Whitepapers

Demagnetization of large-scale objects before welding

In the assembly of large steel constructions, welding processes are usually used. Often the welding seam is relevant for safety, meaning that its quality is especially important. Residual magnetism reduces the quality and durability of welding seams by interfering with the welding process (magnetic arc blow) and causing magnetic corrosion (hydrogen embrittlement induced by magnetic fields).

In this White Paper a new method for demagnetizing large steel surfaces is described.

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Magnetic attraction to particles

The model calculations presented in the White Paper are intended particularly to provide a better understanding and a scientific basis for this topic for specialists in the areas of surface technology, technical cleanliness and powder metallurgy.

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Demagnetization as process preparation in the forming of metal powder

The process safe compaction of ferromagnetic powders requires low residual magnetism on the tooling. The flow of the metal powder is already reduced at residual magnetism over 2A/cm (2.5 Gauss). Powerful degaussing systems allow the effective demagnetization of powder press frames, adapters and sintered tungsten carbide punches and dies on site.

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Measurement of residual magnetism

New quality requirements regarding maximum permitted levels for residual magnetism have created a need for standardized measuring methods. Under the following link is a compilation of further information on this subject.

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Application reports

Demagnetization prior to cleaning

In order to reliably meet the increasing residual dirt requirements in the parts cleaning of ferromagnetic steel parts despite the most modern cleaning machines, efficient demagnetization processes are required. Further information on this topic can be found under the following link.

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Demagnetization KATRIN-Hall, KIT

The high sensitivity required for experiments with the spectrometer requires an external magnetic field as low and uniform as possible in the area of the spectrometer. In the direct vicinity of the spectrometer, non-magnetic steel reinforcements were installed, but the scientists identified the more distant ferromagnetic steel reinforcements of the building shell as a disturbance variable.

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Demagnetization of assembled bearings

Demagnetization processes are widely used in the rolling bearing industry. In rolling bearing production, rolling elements, outer and inner rings are individually demagnetized before assembly. However, residual magnetism that arises during assembly often goes unnoticed. Numerous known damage mechanisms that reduce service life can be attributed to residual magnetism.

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Demagnetization of tungsten carbides

Carbide parts can be magnetized in production as well as in operation. In the following application report the demagnetization of carbide is considered. To demagnetize hard metal, which mostly consists of tungsten carbide with cobalt as binder, very high field strengths of often more than 200 kA/m (25 mT / 250 Gauss) are required. However, a reduction of the residual magnetism is also possible with lower field strengths.

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